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Operating a water treatment company means customers depend on you to provide clean water for their homes and businesses. To provide that essential service, water treatment providers must use the proper water treatment equipment to not only create a reliable drinking water supply, but also help customers maintain their appliances and other water-powered mechanical systems.
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Water processing equipment can cost thousands of dollars, depending on the type of unit, size, pretreatment requirements and installation.
Below, we take a look at the best home water treatment equipment to keep on hand when servicing the modern homeowner. Ask local water treatment equipment suppliers or water treatment equipment manufacturers for the best deal in your area.
Water Filter Devices and Equipment
1. Water Filter Housing
Filter housing serves as the housing or casing around a water filter cartridge, which holds it in place and guides the water. They come in a variety of sizes for the different uses.
Water filter housings typically include three parts: the filter cap to allow water to flow in and out, the filter sump to hold the cartridge in place, and the filter cartridge.
2. Water Filters
Water filtration is much more advanced than in the past. Many filter options are used together in a water purification system to deliver top-quality water. Let’s look at the five most popular water filters on the market for home water treatment equipment:
Sediment filters remove particles like dirt, sand, rust, and debris from water.
Activated carbon filters, which are generally inexpensive, leave the mineral content of the water in place but remove chlorine, VOCs, and other chemicals that cause bad taste and odors. These filters remove chlorine through a chemical reaction with the activated carbon. Other chemicals passing through the filter adhere to the filter surface, purifying the water.
Ceramic filters remove bacteria and sediment, and also water cloudiness and coloration. Ceramic filters can be combined with ion exchange resin to reduce heavy metals or activated carbon to further purify the water.
Reverse osmosis membranes are made for removing tiny contaminants, filtering out microorganisms as small as 1/10,000th of a micron. Through the pressure in the system, the filters remove chlorine, VOCs and sediment from the water. They can also remove water softener salt from drinking water. A reverse osmosis system usually includes a sediment filter, carbon filter, and semi-permeable membrane.
Ultraviolet disinfection works in a different way because the water is purified through exposure to ultraviolet light, not by passing through a filter. The UV light alters the DNA of bacteria and microorganisms in water, making it safe to drink.
3. Water Softeners
At its most basic, a water softener works as a water treatment device by removing minerals from the water. The most common type is an ion-exchange water softener. As hard water flows through the water softener, the resin in the tank removes the hard water minerals from the water. This type of water processing equipment requires periodic refills of water softener salt. Salt-free water softeners use a potassium-chloride sodium substitute.
4. Water Treatment Pumps
Pumps move water through water treatment equipment and help reverse osmosis systems run efficiently. In reverse osmosis systems, booster pumps increase water pressure to an ideal level, while demand pumps move pressurized water to where it needs to go. Permeate pumps reduce back pressure in a reverse osmosis system’s storage tank, helping the system take advantage of its pressure.
5. Storage Tanks
Storage tanks are water treatment devices that hold fresh, purified water waiting to be used. Reverse osmosis systems utilize pressurized water tanks to deliver water to the faucet by tapping into air pressure from the tank.
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Water Treatment Tools
6. Electric Drill with Drill Bits
A variable-speed electric drill with metal or concrete drill bits comes in handy when installing home water treatment equipment, depending on where the customer needs the equipment installed.
Water treatment providers use wrenches to tighten or loosen plumbing fixtures in residential water treatment equipment.
An adjustable wrench offers versatility for a variety of pipework.
A faucet wrench tightens nuts in hard-to-reach places on reverse osmosis drinking faucets.
A housing wrench fits along the base of the water filter housing, allowing you to loosen the filter sump, which holds the water filter cartridge. The diameter of the housing determines the size of the wrench, which comes in varying materials and sizes.
8. Tubing Cutter
A plastic tubing cutter is a must-have for water treatment equipment. It provides a clean cut for the tubing, which helps to prevent leaks in the water processing equipment.
Parts and Fittings
9. Connectors and Fittings
Water treatment techs use connectors to attach pipes and tubing to the water supply, faucets, and filters. Compression fittings contain a nut to join tubes or thin-walled pipes together, while quick-connect fittings connect quickly and securely by hand.
10. Mounting Brackets, Clips, and Screws
Mounting brackets and screws are used for installing and securing water filters and water filter housings. Mounting clips can be used to clip on certain filter or membrane housings.
O-rings are a must to seal water housing caps and prevent leaks. Use an O-ring installation and extraction tool to make this job easier.
Depending on the use, valves direct, regulate, or shut off water flow, serving as an essential water treatment equipment tool.
Flow restrictor valves restrict the flow of rejected water, so the reverse osmosis membrane remains pressurized. They are sized according to membrane output.
Pressure regulators reduce incoming water pressure. The ideal water pressure for home reverse osmosis systems is 60 psi (pounds per square inch).
Automatic shut-off valves are essential in reverse osmosis systems to shut down the flow of water when the tank is full, and back on again when tank level drops.
Drain saddle valves allow water to drain from a reverse osmosis system.
Backflow prevention devices prevent sewage from backing up into the water supply. Check valves are one-way valves used in reverse osmosis systems so water doesn’t flow back into the membrane.
Pipes and tubing are plumbing necessities and connect the water purification system to faucets, tanks and drains. Depending on the home’s plumbing, you could be working with copper, steel, PVC, CPVC or PEX plumbing.
Reverse osmosis systems need a dedicated drinking water faucet for the purified water. Faucets for these systems can be either air-gap or non-air gap faucets. An air-gap faucet is designed with a gap that functions as backflow prevention.
Water Treatment Business Software
15. ServiceTitan Software
Keep your business running efficiently with ServiceTitan water treatment software that allows you to schedule and dispatch with ease. Mobile estimating and invoicing streamlines, so your techs can work from the field but still be connected to the office. Additional tools such as Marketing Pro, Phones Pro and Pricebook Pro help water treatment equipment companies boost revenue and grow.
For more helpful guides, check out our best plumbing tools, HVAC tools and electrician tools.
ServiceTitan Water Treatment Software
ServiceTitan is a comprehensive water treatment business software solution built specifically to help service companies streamline their operations, boost revenue, and achieve growth. Our award-winning, cloud-based platform is trusted by more than 100,000+ contractors across the country.